Understanding the Layers

Understanding the Layers

After our Senior Pastor spoke about the Human Trafficking of young girls and the sex industry making money through the tourism trading in child sex, I wanted to find out more about it.

When Abigail Kuzma from the Indiana Attorney Generals Office, who is the Director and Chief Council of Consumer Proctection and Co-Chair of IPATH which stands for Indiana Protection of Abused and Trafficked Humans, spoke at our Stopping the Porn Culture – A Pastor’s Forum, I had no idea of the scope of the problem.

IPATH uses a collaborative strategy to implement it’s goals by working with the U. S. Attorney’s Office, FBI, Homeland Security, Department of Labor, and locally with the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department, Department of Child Services, the Julian Center, Exodus Refugee Center, Neighborhood Christian Legal Clinic, and a host of other concerned citizen groups.

IPATH’s five (5) areas are Law Enforcement, Victim Services, Protocol, Awareness, and Training.  IPATH is also a part of PILLARS OF HOPE- a national initiative- Attorney’s General United Against Human Trafficking. What we learned was an overview of IPATH, who is involved, and what we can do to stop Human Trafficking.

What is Human Trafficking? What is Sex Trafficking?

Sex Trafficking and Labor Trafficking

Sex Trafficking: in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such acts has not attained 18 years of age or

Labor Trafficking: The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor, services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.  (Federal Law-Victims of Trafficking and Violence Prevention Act of 2000)

The Pillars of Hope National 2011 Initiative is headed by Indiana’s AG Greg Zoeller who serves on the Leadership Council. 
Human trafficking is a $32 billion global industry driven by trafficking profit. It’s the fastest growing and second largest criminal activity in the world, just behind arms and ahead of drug dealing.

Eleven years ago, the United Nations created the international standards against trafficking in persons, and the US enacted the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA).  In June 2011, 184 countries—including the US—were reported in the Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP). The report estimated 12.3 million adults and children are trafficked across international borders into forced labor and sexual exploitation. Between 100,000 and 300,000 children are at risk for sexual exploitation in the US with an average age of 11 to 14 years old, according to the TIP Report.

It is estimated that 76 percent of transactions for sex with underage girls start on the Internet [1], which triggered a rash of activity by Attorneys General and public outcry against organizations such as craigslist and backpage.com. Coalitions of technology, antitrafficking NGOs, and government authorities have been developed to take action across the public and private sector. Media attention is fueling awareness and stepping up actions to stop sexual and labor exploitation in our communities. Human trafficking awareness is at a tipping point in our society. With this in mind, Washington Attorney General Rob McKenna, the 201112 President of the National Association of Attorneys General, has selected this problem as the focus of his presidential initiative.

Pillars of Hope: Attorneys General Unite against Human Trafficking is built upon the following four pillars:


Pillar 1): Making the Case

Gather stat-specific data on human trafficking and create a database that assists local authorities with identifying human trafficking cases.

Pillar 2): Holding Traffickers Accountable

Establish and implement comprehensive anti-human trafficking laws in all 50 States.

Pillar 3): Mobilizing Communities to Care for Victims

Coordination among service providers, law enforcement, and state agencies to assist in indentifying and protecting victims.

Pillar 4): Raising Public Awareness & Reducing the Demand

Increase public awareness campaign regarding human trafficking that will assist the victims and work to reduce demand for trafficking

Our Pastor’s Forum learned that studies have shown there is an increase in the demand for commercial sex services surrounding large sporting events or conventions such as the Super Bowl, World Series, etc.  Any increase in the commercial sex industry also increase the potential risk for exploitation and human trafficking. 

Indianapolis is the site of the 2012 Super Bowl and Texas was the state which hosted the Super Bowl last year. 

A study conducted by Traffick 911 out of Fort Worth, Texas in conjunction with local law enforcement, monitored online escort ads and showed a weekly increase in activity during the Super Bowl as follows:

- Saturday, January 15th    135
- Saturday, January 22nd   179
- Saturday, January 29th    232
- Saturday, February 5th    367

Also, 59 Prostitution arrests were made before and on the 2011 Super Bowl
11 of the arrests were suspected of being Human Trafficking (Jessica Huseman Dallasnews.com 2/14/11)

A Growing Problem World Wide……

According to the US Dept of State’s 2010 Trafficking in Person’s Report-
-12.3 Million Adults and Children are forced into labor, bonded labor and forced prostitution. (this is a subject for my next article)

……and At Home

Midwest and Indiana
With 2,515 trafficking investigations were opened by the Dept of Justice Anti-Trafficking Task force between 2008 and 2010 you have the following breakdown:
-239 cases in the Midwest
-46 opened by Indiana law enforcement and 30 by service providers

651 Trafficking investigations were opened by the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in 2010 which resulted in
            * 300 arrests
            * 151 indictments
            * 144 convictions
90 ICE Cases were in the Midwest
            *43 arrest
            *25 indictments
            *22 convictions
            *69 of those cases involved sex trafficking and 21 involved labor trafficking.
925 trafficking cases were opened by the FBI since 2004
            *61 FBI cases were in the Midwest
            *37 of those cases involved sex trafficking and 27 involved labor trafficking.

Sex Trafficking and Pornography- Supply and Demand…
(to be Continued)

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